How to Really Shut Down Windows

Sometimes you need to shut down your Windows 10 or 11 PC, but thanks to something called Fast Startup, you might not be shutting it down all the way, with a fresh OS reload on the next power-up.

RAYMOND OGLESBY @RaymondOglesby2
April 19, 2022

Sometimes you need to shut down your Windows 10 or 11 PC, but thanks to something called Fast Startup, you might not be shutting it down all the way, with a fresh OS reload on the next power-up. Let’s explore how to really shut down your desktop completely.

This is for Windows 10 and 11. Screenshots are from Windows 10

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Fast Startup

Usually, you do not need to shut down your PC. Sleep Mode can place your PC into a low-power state that is quick to resume whenever you need to use your PC again.

But there are times when you might want to shut down your PC in a way that forces Windows 10 or 11 to reload completely when you boot it back up.

With a feature called Fast Startup, many PCs that support hibernation mode actually “shut down” to a state similar to hibernation, which saves the state of the operating system (in RAM) to a file called hiberfil.sys. This lets Windows load quickly when you power up your PC again.

So if Fast Startup is enabled on your PC and you select Shut Down in the Start menu, you are not getting a clean restart when you power it back up again.

Disable Fast Startup

It’s important to know that not all PCs support Fast Startup mode. So your PC might already be shutting down completely. (Restarting bypasses Fast Startup, as shown in the last section of this post). You will see another way to tell in the steps ahead.

To disable Fast Startup, first, open the Control Panel in Windows 10 or 11. For Windows 10, type “control panel” in the Cortana search box, then click the Control Panel app in the search results. For Windows 11, open the Start menu and type “control panel,” then click the Control Panel icon when it appears. Refer to the below image:

Windows Shutdown 1
Accessing the Control Panel in Windows 10

Next, when the Control Panel opens, click Hardware and Sound section. See the below image:

Windows Shutdown 2
Selecting the Hardware and Sound section

Now, under the Power Options section, click Change what the power buttons do link. See the following image:

Windows Shutdown 2
Selecting Change what the power buttons do link

Next, on the Define power buttons and turn on password protection page, first, click the Change settings that are currently unavailable link near the top of the page.

Now, look under the Shutdown Settings section near the bottom. If you see Turn on fast startup (recommended), remove the checkmark beside it. Refer to the below image:

Windows Shutdown 4
Turn off Fast Start

Note: If you do not see the Fast Startup option, it means your PC does not support Fast Startup and is already shutting down completely, so no changes are necessary.

Next, click Save Changes and exit the Control Panel.

The next time you shut down your Windows PC, it will shut down completely without any hibernation. And the next time you start it up, you will get a clean boot with a full reload of Windows.

Just Restart

It’s important to note that if you need a completely clean Windows boot, you can also achieve it by using the “Restart” feature built into Windows; no disabling Fast Startup is necessary. Restarting this way bypasses Fast Startup if you have it enabled. Microsoft implemented it this way because people often restart their computers to fix problems, and a full shutdown and restart might refresh the Windows system kernel or your computer’s hardware drivers if either is stuck in a bad state.

To restart your PC, first, click the Start menu, then select the Power icon (located on the left side in Windows 10 and on the right side in Windows 11). In the menu that pops up, select Restart. See the below image:

Windows Shutdown 5
Selecting Restart in Windows 10

Your PC will restart completely with a fresh reload of Windows, which will hopefully solve any temporary problems that you have been troubleshooting.

Quote For the Day

The person who dumps garbage into your mind will do you considerably more harm than the person who dumps garbage on your floor, because each load of mind garbage negatively impacts your possibilities and lowers your expectations.

Zig Ziglar

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Author’s E-book

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The author’s Vietnam eBook on the Battle for Tra Bong Vietnam: Events and Aftermath

How to Convert JPG/PNG Image to PDF on Desktop

Got a JPG/PNG image file you need to convert to PDF? You can use Windows 10 or 11’s built-in PDF Printer to make a PDF out of your JPG/PNG images.

Got a JPG/PNG image file you need to convert to PDF? You can use Windows 10 or 11’s built-in PDF Printer to make a PDF out of your JPG/PNG images. Let’s explore this nifty feature.

This is for devices running Windows 10 or 11

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How the Conversion Works

Both Windows 10 and 11 have a virtual PDF Printer. When you print something from an app with this printer, the printer turns that file into a PDF file. You can then save the resulting PDF file anywhere on your computer.

You will use this virtual printer to turn your JPG/PNG image into a PDF file. After saving it, you can email it, upload it to the cloud, or print a physical copy.

Convert the Image

The steps to convert JPG/PNG to PDF on both Windows 10 and 11 are pretty much the same.

First, open the folder where your JPG/PNG image is in a File Explorer window. If you are on Windows 10, right-click the image and select Print. If you are on Windows 11, right-click the image and choose

Show More Options > Print.

Refer to the below image:

Selecting the Print option

Next, a Print Pictures window will open. In this window, select the virtual PDF Printer by clicking the Printer drop-down menu and choosing Microsoft Print to PDF. Specify the paper size by clicking the Paper Size drop-down menu and selecting an option. To change the quality of the output PDF file, click the Quality drop-down menu and select an option. See the below image:

Setting the Print Pictures options

Now, on the Print Pictures window’s right sidebar, you have options to change how your JPG/PNG image appears in the PDF. Click an option in this sidebar to view its preview on the left. See the following image:

Selecting the Layout

Next, at the bottom of the window, specify how many pages you want in your PDF using the Copies of Each option. To make your photo fit the PDF, enable the Fit Picture to Frame option. Click Print to start making your PDF file. Refer to the below image:

PDF 4
Selecting other p[topms

Now, Windows will open a Save Print Output As window. Here, select the folder to save your PDF file. Click the File name field and type a name for your PDF. Then click Save. See the below image:

Selecting a location and file name

Next, to access your newly created PDF, open the folder where you saved it, and you will see the PDF version of your JPG/PNG image there, ending in “.pdf”. See the following image:

Locating your saved PDF file

Now, click or double-click the file to open. Refer to the below image for our final PDF file of Beautiful Lady:

Your PDF file

That’s all there is to converting JPG/PNG to PDF using the built-in option on Windows 10 and 11.

Quote For the Day

Listen with your eyes for feelings.

Stephen Covey

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The author’s Vietnam eBook on the Battle for Tra Bong Vietnam: Events and Aftermath

Is Windows 11 Upgrade For Now or Later

Based on reading other blog posts and websites, we recommend you wait to upgrade. Microsoft even seems to be reluctant about this upgrade. Why else would they offer a 10 day rollback to Windows 10? One thing it does is allow you to try out the upgrade.

RAYMOND OGLESBY @RaymondOglesby2
October 12, 2021

Based on reading other blog posts and websites, we recommend you wait to upgrade. Microsoft even seems to be reluctant about this upgrade. Why else would they offer a 10 day rollback to Windows 10? One thing it does is allow you to try out the upgrade.

Windows 11 arrived on October 5, 2021. Unlike the big Windows 10 upgrade offer that felt impossible to avoid, Microsoft is recommending many PC owners not to upgrade.

This is for devices running Windows 10 and 11

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How the Upgrade Will Work

Windows 11 will be a free upgrade for PCs running Windows 10, just as Windows 10 was a free upgrade for PCs running Windows 7 and Windows 8.

However, this time, Windows 11 is not designed for all those PCs. Windows 11 officially supports only very recent hardware. In addition to requiring TPM 2.0 and UFFI with Secure Boot, Windows 11 only supports certain recent CPUs.

Specifically, PCs with Intel processors must have an Intel 8th generation or newer processor. AMD PCs must be running at least AMD Zen 2. ARM PCs must have Qualcomm 7 or 8 Series hardware.

Microsoft refuses to explain exactly why only certain CPUs are supported.

Can your PC Run Windows 11

Not sure what hardware your PC has and whether it will support Windows 11? Microsoft offers an official PC Health Check app (yes the app is back) that will tell you whether your PC can officially run Windows 11. If not, the PC Health Check will tell you what the problem is. First, to check on your PC, download the PC Health Check app and scroll down to the bottom, then click on the download button. Refer to below image:

Upgrade 1
Download PC Health Check

Next, after the download, click on the .msi file to install. Once installed, click the big blue Check now button. See below image:

Upgrade 2
Run the PC Health Check

Now, the app will tell you whether your PC can officially run Windows 11. See following image:

Upgrade 3
A possible result in running the PC Health Check

However, the tool will not tell you the full story. Even if your PC can run Windows 11, you might not want to upgrade yet. And, even if your PC does not officially support Windows 11, you can upgrade anyway.

If Your PC Does Supports the Upgrade

Next, if Windows 11 officially supports your PC and you are not too worried about any missing options or potential bugs, feel free to upgrade. Refer to below image:

Upgrade 4
Your PC supports Windows 11

For example, Windows 11’s Taskbar is missing some features that were found in Windows 10’s. Windows 11’s Taskbar is glued to the bottom of your screen, and you can not drag and drop files and other items to Taskbar icons, as you could on Windows 10.

If Your PC Does Not Support the Upgrade

Now, if Windows 11 does not officially support your PC, you have a more difficult decision to make. Microsoft recommends against installing Windows 11 on computers that have older CPUs it does not officially support. We would also recommend against installing Windows 11 on these PCs.

Sure, it may work, but you may encounter bugs; and Microsoft says it will not guarantee security updates will be available in the future. After all, Windows 10 will be officially supported until late 2025.

So that’s our official recommendation: Do not do it, particularly if you use your PC for work or other critical tasks and you just need it to work. See below image where the processor is outdated:

Upgrade 6
Your PC does not support Windows 11

However, if you really want to get your hands on Windows 11 on a PC that is not officially supported, feel free to install the upgrade anyway. Just know what you are getting into. That’s why Microsoft makes you agree to a waiver full of legalese before you install Windows 11 on such a PC.

Try It For 10 Days

Next, if you are on the fence about Windows 11, you can give it a try. For the first 10 days after you upgrade, you will have the option to downgrade back to Windows 10.

It will be at;

Settings > System > Recovery > Go Back

under Recovery options. If the option is grayed out, it’s no longer available. See following image:

Upgrade 5
Revert back to Windows 10 within 10 days

After 10 days, the option to downgrade will silently vanish as Windows 11 will delete your old Windows 10 files from your system drive to free up space.

You can still downgrade a PC running Windows 11 back to Windows 10. However, you will have to perform a full reinstall of Windows 10, so you will have to reinstall all your applications and set everything up from scratch.

Quote For the Day

Design is a funny word. Some people think design means how it looks. But of course, if you dig deeper, it’s really how it works.

Steve Jobs

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The author’s Vietnam eBook on the Battle for Tra Bong Vietnam: Events and Aftermath

What Are Windows 11 Minimum Requirements

Following are the basic requirements for installing Windows 11 on a PC. If your device does not meet these requirements, you may not be able to install Windows 11 and might want to consider purchasing a new device.


Following are the basic requirements for installing Windows 11 on a PC. If your device does not meet these requirements, you may not be able to install Windows 11 and might want to consider purchasing a new device. If you are unsure whether your PC meets these requirements, you can check with your PC Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) or, if your device is already running Windows 10, you can use the PC Health Check app to assess compatibility.

Note! As of this writing, the PC Health Check app has been removed from the App Store. The reason is because the app is denying millions of PCs for the upgrade. Microsoft has some hurdles to overcome. Let’s find out.

This is for Windows 10 devices

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The Requirements

Processor:

  • 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster with 2 or more cores on a compatible 64 bit processor System on a Chip (SoC)

RAM:

  • 4 gigabyte (GB)

Storage:

  • 64 GB or larger storage device

System firmware:

  • UEFI, Secure Boot capable

TPM:

  • Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0

Graphics card:

  • Compatible with DirectX 12 or later with WDDM 2.0 driver

Display:

  • High definition (720p) display that is greater than 9” diagonally, 8 bits per color channel

Internet connection and Microsoft accounts: 

  • Windows 11 Home edition requires internet connectivity and a Microsoft account to complete device setup on first use. Switching a device out of Windows 11 Home in S mode also requires internet connectivity.

For all Windows 11 editions, internet access is required to perform updates and to download and take advantage of some features. A Microsoft account is required for some features.

Check Your Version of Trusted Platform Module (TPM)

To check this, we are going to use the Device Manager.

First, type “device manager” in the Cortana search box in lower left-hand corner. Next, in the search results, click on Device Manager in upper left-hand corner. Refer to below image:

Win 11 Requirements 1
Selecting Device Manager

Now, after the Device Manager opens, scroll down and click on Security Device to expand the menu and see if any TPM entries exist. See below image:

Win 11 Requirements 2
Opening Security devices for TPM entry

This computer meets the requirement for version 2.0 of TPM.

If you have TPM 1.2, you may be able to upgrade to Windows 11; there are no guarantees.

Quote For the Day

No sensible decision can be made any longer without taking into account not only the world as it is, but the world as it will be.

Isaac Asimov

That’s it. Please feel free to share this post! One way to share is via Twitter.

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I Would Like to Hear From You

Please feel free to leave a comment. I would love hearing from you. Do you have a computer or smart device tech question? I will do my best to answer your inquiry. Just send an email to contact@techsavvy.life. Please mention the device, app and version that you are using. To help us out, you can send screenshots of your data related to your question.

The author’s Vietnam eBook on the Battle for Tra Bong: Events and Aftermath

What’s Coming in Windows 11

Just before Apple’s June 24th announcement, it’s not a long shot to know some of the features being moved onto Windows 11. Here are the major ones.

Courtesy of TechRadar

Just before Apple’s June 24th announcement, it’s not a long shot to know some of the features being moved onto Windows 11. Here are the major ones.

This is for 2021 Fall release of Windows 11

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A New Look for Windows 11

Windows 11 image courtesy of Windows Central

In the latest Insider dev channels, there are already countless icons that have seen a redesign, giving most of these the most dramatic changes in looks since Windows 7.

It’s been long rumored that the UI is currently being redesigned, with a new font, Segoe UI Variable, already enabled in dev versions as early as build 21376. However, Microsoft’s design team is also looking for a new font, asking users, to pick from five fonts to replace Calibri.

There’s been a recent job posting, that gives even more weight to a redesign coming. It described the role as “building new parts and modernizing existing parts of the Windows UX, conducting user research to understand users’ needs.”

While this could also mean a subtle refresh of Windows 10, it could mean a huge redesign for Windows 11, if it is confirmed at the June 24 event.

With the recent build of 21996 confirming the Windows 11 name, we can also see a refresh UI, with the start button and the icons on the taskbar moving to the middle, being reminiscent of the dock from macOS.

It’s not just the fonts and the icons that are seeing a refresh for Windows 11, it even goes to the corners across the whole of the operating system, which looks to set it apart even further from Windows 10.

Task Manager courtesy of Windows Latest

Alongside the new look, there’s also the implementation of rounded corners coming up. This will remove the sharp edges across the whole of the user interface and bring a softer appearance to Windows 11.

The start menu is now apparently at the center of the taskbar, but there is a way to bring the classic menu back to the left.

From app windows to the Start Menu, to buttons, Live Tiles, and even the Action Center, there is a redesign. This redesign feature could have a dramatic effect on how Windows 11 looks, and help make it stand out to users if they are upgrading from Windows 10.

Windows 11 new OS features

A big update to Windows 11 will not just be to the look of the operating system, but in the useful features that it can bring to many situations.

It’s been reported that Microsoft will be including battery usage statistics to the Settings app. Smartphones have had this sort of feature for many years, but it’s been conspicuously absent in Windows.

Other rumored features that could be moved over to Windows 11 could include the ability to uninstall most of the pre-installed Microsoft apps, improvements to Snap Assist for external displays, and a dashboard for your Microsoft Account that lives in the taskbar. 

Additionally, recent test builds have suggested that the Taskbar and File Explorer processes usually seen in Task Manager looks to be separated, at long last.

Alongside this, right clicking on the Taskbar for Task Manager is now absent, alongside the keyboard shortcut of Win + X to switch to PowerShell is also gone. Personally, I want the right-click back for the Task Manager.

Windows 11 tablet improvements

Tablet mode has been one of Windows’ weaker points ever since Windows 8. 

However the most important feature currently rumored is a new gesture layer that would sit above the user interface and allow trackpad-like gestures on a touchscreen.

Pen and voice inputs are both expected to receive further refinement as well, with a new UI for voice and context menu for pen are both planned. These tablet features could be a showcase for Windows 11, especially with future Surface products in the pipeline from Microsoft. To have a new, numbered operating system for its upcoming tablets could be a big selling point for new users.

Quote For the Day

Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.

Carl Sagan

That’s it for now on Windows 11 features. There will be more to come. Please feel free to share this post! One way to share is via Twitter.

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I Would Like to Headr From You

Please feel free to leave a comment. I would love hearing from you. Do you have a computer or smart device tech question? I will do my best to answer your inquiry. Just send an email to contact@techsavvy.life. Please mention the device, app and version that you are using. To help us out, you can send screenshots of your data related to your question.

The author’s Vietnam eBook on the Battle for Tra Bong: Events and Aftermath
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